Digging up graves and Reopening Wounds: The Articulation of Trauma in Country of My Skull and A Pale View of Hills.

The trauma and memory of a violent past obscures the boundaries between reality and imagination evoking a sense of confusion and an unspeakable pain. Trauma survivors bury their unspeakable pain and experiences in ‘deep memory’ which cannot be accessed without what Cathy Carruth in Unclaimed Experience calls a ‘second wounding’ (Carruth 34). During an outreach... Continue Reading →

By The Sea

This book completely surprised me. The magical narration, the nostalgic voice of the characters, the pain, hurt, memories and restoration, redemption and forgiveness is beautiful and something my own heart desires. Captivating story. Here are a few jewels I found in Abdulrazak Gurnah's novel By The Sea: "It's a dour place, the land of memory, a... Continue Reading →

Country of My Skull

I just finished reading Country of My Skull by Antjie Krog and thought I would share my favourite passages. The book plunges into the intricate workings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to show the atrocities committed between 1960 and 1993 during Apartheid. Through testimonies of victims and perpetrators a haunting history is sketched. The... Continue Reading →

The Use of “Fictioneers” to synthesize a whole: The Emerging of a Novelist’s Self in J.M. Coetzee’s Summertime.

In Summertime by the South African Nobel Prize-winning novelist, J.M. Coetzee, an extreme postmodern self-consciousness of writing the Self emerges. Coetzee continues to state in an interview that all writing is autobiographical: “everything that you write, including criticism and fiction, writes you as you write it” (Atwell 117). Coetzee, aware of his status as public... Continue Reading →


  A Language of Waves and Radiation "Where's my Dylar?" Life saturated with static stimuli: a distraction from the journey to the grave. Minds fed with codes: Eat This, Wear That, Do It, Stop It. Eyes filtered with simulacrum: It's Real, It's Real, It's Real. We create a new universe, a new aura to uphold... Continue Reading →

Nervous Conditions

Tsitsi Dangarembga’s novel, Nervous Conditions, can be renamed The Metamorphosis of an Uncultivated Mind which portrays the metamorphosis of Tambu’s critical thinking and perspective on the power of language, patriarchy and feminism. Tambu undergoes a journey of enrichment in rational thinking that allows her to decipher childhood myths about an English education, Babamukuru as God... Continue Reading →

The Creation of Characters Through Words

Athol Fugard’s play “Master Harold”… and the boys revolves around Hally and the two black servants- Sam and Willie. On a wet Port Elizabeth afternoon in the St George’s Park Tea Room two other characters are revealed and portrayed on stage. These two female characters, Hilda Samuels and Hally’s mother, stay unseen throughout the play... Continue Reading →

Transforming into a “priest of eternal imagination”: The Joycean Epiphany in Stephen’s beach journey

The protagonist, Stephen Dedalus of James Joyce’s autobiographical novel, The Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, discovers the aesthetic value of the epiphany. The Joycean epiphany is “a sudden spiritual manifestation… [t]hey themselves are the most delicate and evanescent of moments (Beja 18). These moments of heightened perception amid ordinary events transforms Stephen,... Continue Reading →

Adapting Jane Eyre

The 2011 adaption of Jane Eyre by Cary Fukunaga uses cinematography, facial expressions, acting, movement, surroundings and dialogue to create a faithful and interesting adaption which captures the sense of the novel by Charlotte Brönte. The opening sequence of the film up to the red-room scene will be analysed by comparing the novel and the... Continue Reading →

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