Digging up graves and Reopening Wounds: The Articulation of Trauma in Country of My Skull and A Pale View of Hills.

The trauma and memory of a violent past obscures the boundaries between reality and imagination evoking a sense of confusion and an unspeakable pain. Trauma survivors bury their unspeakable pain and experiences in ‘deep memory’ which cannot be accessed without what Cathy Carruth in Unclaimed Experience calls a ‘second wounding’ (Carruth 34). During an outreach... Continue Reading →


By The Sea

This book completely surprised me. The magical narration, the nostalgic voice of the characters, the pain, hurt, memories and restoration, redemption and forgiveness is beautiful and something my own heart desires. Captivating story. Here are a few jewels I found in Abdulrazak Gurnah's novel By The Sea: "It's a dour place, the land of memory, a... Continue Reading →

Country of My Skull

I just finished reading Country of My Skull by Antjie Krog and thought I would share my favourite passages. The book plunges into the intricate workings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to show the atrocities committed between 1960 and 1993 during Apartheid. Through testimonies of victims and perpetrators a haunting history is sketched. The... Continue Reading →

The Use of “Fictioneers” to synthesize a whole: The Emerging of a Novelist’s Self in J.M. Coetzee’s Summertime.

In Summertime by the South African Nobel Prize-winning novelist, J.M. Coetzee, an extreme postmodern self-consciousness of writing the Self emerges. Coetzee continues to state in an interview that all writing is autobiographical: “everything that you write, including criticism and fiction, writes you as you write it” (Atwell 117). Coetzee, aware of his status as public... Continue Reading →


  A Language of Waves and Radiation "Where's my Dylar?" Life saturated with static stimuli: a distraction from the journey to the grave. Minds fed with codes: Eat This, Wear That, Do It, Stop It. Eyes filtered with simulacrum: It's Real, It's Real, It's Real. We create a new universe, a new aura to uphold... Continue Reading →

Nervous Conditions

Tsitsi Dangarembga’s novel, Nervous Conditions, can be renamed The Metamorphosis of an Uncultivated Mind which portrays the metamorphosis of Tambu’s critical thinking and perspective on the power of language, patriarchy and feminism. Tambu undergoes a journey of enrichment in rational thinking that allows her to decipher childhood myths about an English education, Babamukuru as God... Continue Reading →

The Creation of Characters Through Words

Athol Fugard’s play “Master Harold”… and the boys revolves around Hally and the two black servants- Sam and Willie. On a wet Port Elizabeth afternoon in the St George’s Park Tea Room two other characters are revealed and portrayed on stage. These two female characters, Hilda Samuels and Hally’s mother, stay unseen throughout the play... Continue Reading →

Transforming into a “priest of eternal imagination”: The Joycean Epiphany in Stephen’s beach journey

The protagonist, Stephen Dedalus of James Joyce’s autobiographical novel, The Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, discovers the aesthetic value of the epiphany. The Joycean epiphany is “a sudden spiritual manifestation… [t]hey themselves are the most delicate and evanescent of moments (Beja 18). These moments of heightened perception amid ordinary events transforms Stephen,... Continue Reading →

Adapting Jane Eyre

The 2011 adaption of Jane Eyre by Cary Fukunaga uses cinematography, facial expressions, acting, movement, surroundings and dialogue to create a faithful and interesting adaption which captures the sense of the novel by Charlotte Brönte. The opening sequence of the film up to the red-room scene will be analysed by comparing the novel and the... Continue Reading →

The Mad Woman in the Attic: Allegories of Empire

The incident of “the mad women in the attic” is about Jane Eyre discovering Mr. Rochester’s mad wife, Bertha, in a hidden room on the day of their wedding. This scene features Jane’s encounter with Bertha which embodies the slavery of marriage, gender and class and the oppression of colonialism. In Jane Eyre by Charlotte... Continue Reading →

The Two Sides of Honour in Shakespeare’s “Much Ado about Nothing”

In the patriarchal society of Much Ado about Nothing honour forms an integral part of the lives of men and women. The establishment and defence of honour is however gendered. The different standards and codes of honour for men and women will be analysed by looking at chastity, duelling, courage and the way society forms... Continue Reading →

Jane Eyre: Breaking the Rules

Jane Eyre caused an uproar during the nineteenth century with its commentary on class and gender ideologies of the Victorian society. Commentary on the reception of Jane Eyre by Victorian middle-class readers will be discussed through the excerpts from The Christian Remembrancer and The Quarterly Review included in the Norton Critical Edition of the novel,... Continue Reading →

The Unraveling of Macbeth Through Deep Dark Desires

The weird sisters speaks to Macbeth’s desires, but they do not decide Macbeth’s fate (Noone, 2010:31). The witches have no power over Macbeth’s will and actions, they only tempt him and plant seeds of destruction. It is Macbeth who needs to decide whether he will act on his desires and allow the seeds of evil... Continue Reading →

The Unbecoming of Mara Dyer

Author: Michelle Hodkin Genre: Young Adult Mara Dyer doesn't think life can get any stranger than waking up in a hospital with no memory of how she got there. It can. She believes there must be more to the accident she can't remember that killed her friends and left her mysteriously unharmed. There is. She... Continue Reading →

The Mortal Instruments : City of Bones

Author: Cassandra Clare Genre: Young Adult Fiery Clary Fray enters a whole new world that was hidden from her for fifteen years when she encounters strangers at the Pandemonium Club. Exotic runes and bizarre weaponry marks the sight of the Shadowhunters, warriors who fight demons in the mundane world. After Clary's mother disappears she embarks on a... Continue Reading →

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